## DESCRIPTION

*v.qcount* chooses **n** circular quadrats of
radius **r** such that they are completely within the
bounds of the current region and no two quadrats overlap.
The number of points falling within each quadrat are counted
and indices are calculated to estimate the departure of
point locations from complete spatial randomness.
## NOTES

This program may not work properly with lat-long data. It uses
*hypot()*
in two files: *count.c* and *findquads.c*.
## SEE ALSO

*v.random*
*Complete Spatial Randomness and Quadrat Methods* -
GRASS Tutorial on *v.qcount*
(only available as older file s.qcount-tutorial.ps),

General references include:

Noel A. C. Cressie.
*Statistics for Spatial Data*.
Wiley Series in Probability and Mathematical Statistics. John Wiley
& Sons, New York, NY, 1st edition, 1991.

Brian D. Ripley.
*Spatial Statistics*. John Wiley \& Sons, New York, NY, 1981.

References to the indices include:

F. N. David and P. G. Moore.
Notes on contagious distributions in plant populations.
*Annals of Botany*, 18:47-53, 1954.

J. B. Douglas. Clustering and aggregation.
*Sankhya B*, 37:398-417, 1975.

R. A. Fisher, H. G. Thornton, and W. A. Mackenzie.
The accuracy of the plating method of estimating the density of
bacterial populations.
*Annals of Applied Biology*, 9:325-359, 1922.

M. Lloyd. Mean crowding.
*Journal of Animal Ecology*, 36:1-30, 1967.

M. Morista. Measuring the dispersion and analysis of distribution patterns.
*Memoires of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series E.
Biology*, 2:215-235, 1959.

## BUGS

Timestamp not working for header part of counts output. (2000-10-28)

Please send all bug fixes and comments to the author
or the grass development team.

`http://grass.osgeo.org`.

## AUTHORS

James Darrell McCauley
<darrell@mccauley-usa.com>,

when he was at:
Agricultural Engineering
Purdue University
Modified for GRASS 5.0 by Eric G. Miller (2000-10-28)

Modified for GRASS 5.7 by R. Blazek (2004-10-14)

*Last changed: $Date$*